? Nacogdoches Housing Authority

Leadhttp://www.nacogdoches-ha.org/images/nolead.gif Paint !

 



 

Protect Your Family
From Lead In Your Home !

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U.S. EPA
Washington DC 20460

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U.S. CPSC
Washington DC 20207

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U.S. HUD
Washington DC 20410

EPA747-K-99-001
September 2001

 

IMPORTANT !


Lead from Paint, Dust, and Soil Can Be Dangerous If Not Managed Properly!


Lead exposure can harm young children and babies even before they are born.

 

Even children who seem healthy can have high levels of lead in their bodies

 

People can get lead in their bodies by breathing or swallowing lead dust, or by eating soil or paint chips containing lead.

 

People have many options for reducing lead hazards. In most cases, lead-based paint that is good condition is not a hazard.

 

Removing lead-based paint temporarily can increase the danger to your family.

If you think your home might have lead hazards, read the following information to learn some simple steps to protect your family.

 

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Are You Planning To Buy, Rent, or Renovate a Home Built Before 1978?
Many houses and apartments built before 1978 have paint that contains high levels of lead (called lead-based paint). Lead from paint, chips, and dust can pose serious health hazards if not taken care of properly.


Landlords have to disclose known information on lead-based paint and lead-based paint hazards before leases take effect. Leases must include a disclosure form about lead-based paint.

 

Sellers have to disclose known information on lead-based paint and lead-based paint hazards before selling a house. Sales contracts must include a disclosure form about lead-based paint. Buyers have up to 10 days to check for lead.

 

Renovators have to give you this pamphlet before starting work.

If you want more information on these requirements,
call the National Lead Information Center at
1-800-424-LEAD (424-5323).

This information is public domain. An individual or organization without permission may reproduce it. Information provided on this page is based upon current scientific and technical understanding of the issues presented and is reflective of the jurisdictional boundaries established by the statutes governing the co-authoring agencies. Following the advice given will not necessarily provide complete protection in all situations or against all health hazards that can be caused by lead exposure.

 

 

Lead Gets in the Body in Many Ways!

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Childhood lead poisoning remains a major environmental health problem in the U.S.
Even children who appear healthy can have dangerous levels of lead in their bodies.

People can get lead in their body if they:


Breathe in lead dust (especially during renovations that disturb painted surfaces).

 

Put their hands or other objects covered with lead dust in their mouths.

 

Eat paint chips or soil that contains lead.

Lead is even more dangerous to children than adults because:


Children's brains and nervous systems are more sensitive to the damaging effects of lead.

 

Children's growing bodies absorb more lead.

 

Babies and young children often put their hands and other objects in their mouths.

 

These objects can have lead dust on them.

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Childhood lead poisoning remains a major environmental health problem in the U.S.
Even children who appear healthy can have dangerous levels of lead in their bodies.

People can get lead in their body if they:


Breathe in lead dust (especially during renovations that disturb painted surfaces).

 

Put their hands or other objects covered with lead dust in their mouths.

 

Eat paint chips or soil that contains lead.

Lead is even more dangerous to children than adults because:


Children's brains and nervous systems are more sensitive to the damaging effects of lead.

 

Children's growing bodies absorb more lead.

 

Babies and young children often put their hands and other objects in their mouths.

 

These objects can have lead dust on them.

Lead Effects


If not detected early, children with high levels of lead in their bodies can suffer from:

 

 


Damage to the brain and nervous system

 

Behavior and learning problems (such as hyperactivity)

 

Slowed growth

 

Hearing problems

 

Headaches

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Lead affects the body in many ways

Lead is also harmful to adults! Adults can suffer from:


Difficulties during pregnancy

 

Other reproductive problems (in both men and women)

 

High blood pressure

 

Digestive problems

 

Nerve disorders

 

Memory and concentration problems

 

Muscle and joint pain

 

 

Where Lead Based Paint Is Found!

In general, the older your home, the more likely it has lead-based paint.

Many homes built before 1978 have lead-based paint.
The federal government banned lead-based paint from housing in 1978. Some states stopped its use even earlier. Lead can be found:


In homes in the city, country, or suburbs

 

In apartments, single-family homes, and both private and public housing.

 

Inside and outside of the house.

 

In soil around a home. (Soil can pick up lead from exterior paint or other sources such as past use of leaded gas in cars.)

 

 

Checking Your Family for Lead !

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Get your children and home tested if you think your home has high levels of lead.

To reduce your child's exposure to lead, get your child checked, have your home tested (especially if your home has paint in poor condition and was built before 1978), and fix any hazards you may have.


Children's blood lead levels tend to increase rapidly from 6 to 12 months of age, and tend to peak at 18 to 24 months old.
Consult your doctor for advice on testing your children. A simple blood test can detect high levels of lead.


Blood tests are usually recommended for:

Children at ages 1 and 2

Children or other family members who have been exposed to high levels of lead.

Children who should be tested under your state or local health screening plan.

Your doctor can explain what the test results mean and if more testing will be needed.

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A simple blood test can detect high levels of lead. Blood tests are important for:


Children who are 6 months to 1 year old (6 months if you live in an older home that might have lead in the paint).

 

Family members that you think might have high levels of lead.

If your child is older than 1 year, talk to your doctor about whether your child needs testing. Your doctor or health center can do blood tests. They are inexpensive and sometimes free. Your doctor will explain what the test results mean. Treatment can range from changes in your diet to medication or a hospital stay.

 

 

Where Lead Is Likely To Be A Hazard!

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Lead-based paint that is in good condition is usually not a hazard.
Peeling, chipping, chalking, or cracking lead-based paint is a hazard and needs immediate attention. Lead-based paint may also be a hazard when found on surfaces that children can chew or that get a lot of wear-and-tear. These areas include:


Windows and window sills.

 

Doors and door frames.

 

Stairs, railings, and banisters.

 

Porches and fences.

Lead dust can form when lead-based paint is dry scraped, dry sanded, or heated. Dust also forms when painted surfaces bump or rub together. Lead chips and dust can get on surfaces and objects that people touch. Settled lead dust can reenter the air when people vacuum, sweep, or walk through it.
Lead in soil can be a hazard when children play in bare soil or when people bring soil into the house on their shoes. Call your state agency (see below) to find out about soil testing for lead.

 

 

Checking Your Home For Lead Hazards!

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Just knowing that a home has lead-based paint may not tell you if there is a hazard!

You can get your home checked for lead hazards in one of two ways, or both:


A paint inspection tells you the lead content of every painted surface in your home. It won't tell you whether the paint is a hazard or how you should deal with it.

 

 

A risk assessment tells you if there are any sources of serious lead exposure (such as peeling paint and lead dust). It also tells you what actions to take to address these hazards.

 

Have qualified professionals do the work. The federal government is writing standards for inspectors and risk assessors. Some states might already have standards in place.


Call your state agency for help with locating qualified professionals in your area (see below). Trained professionals use a range of methods when checking your home, including:


Visual inspection of paint condition and location.

 

Lab tests of paint samples.

 

Surface dust tests.

 

A portable x-ray fluorescence machine.

Home test kits for lead are available, but recent studies suggest that they are not always accurate. Consumers should not rely on these tests before doing renovations or to assure safety.

 

 

What You Can Do Now To Protect Your Family!


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If you suspect that your house has lead hazards, you can take some immediate steps to reduce your family's risk:

 


If you rent, notify your landlord of peeling or chipping paint.

 

Clean up paint chips immediately.

 

Clean floors, window frames, window sills, and other surfaces weekly. Use a mop or sponge with warm water and a general all-purpose cleaner or a cleaner made specifically for lead.

*REMEMBER: NEVER MIX AMMONIA AND BLEACH PRODUCTS TOGETHER SINCE THEY CAN FORM A DANGEROUS GAS.

 

Thoroughly rinse sponges and mop heads after cleaning dirty or dusty areas.

 

Wash children's hands often, especially before they eat and before nap time and bed time.

 

Keep play areas clean. Wash bottles, pacifiers, toys, and stuffed animals regularly.

 

Keep children from chewing window sills or other painted surfaces.

 

Clean or remove shoes before entering your home to avoid tracking in lead from soil.

 

Make sure children eat nutritious, low-fat meals high in iron and calcium, such as spinach and low-fat dairy products. Children with good diets absorb less lead.

 

 

How To Significantly Reduce Lead Hazards!

Removing lead improperly can increase the hazard to your family by spreading even more lead dust around the house.
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Always use a professional who is trained to remove lead hazards safely.

In addition to day-to-day cleaning and good nutrition:


You can temporarily reduce lead hazards by taking actions like repairing damaged painted surfaces and planting grass to cover soil with high lead levels. These actions (called "interim controls") are not permanent solutions and will not eliminate all risks of exposure.

 

 

To permanently remove lead hazards, you must hire a lead "abatement" contractor. Abatement (or permanent hazard elimination) methods include removing, sealing, or enclosing lead-based paint with special materials. Just painting over the hazard with regular paint is not enough.

Always hire a person with special training for correcting lead problems, someone who knows how to do this work safely and has the proper equipment to clean up thoroughly. If possible, hire a certified lead abatement contractor. Certified contractors will employ qualified workers and follow strict safety rules as set by their state or by the federal government. Call your state agency (see below) for help with locating qualified contractors in your area and to see if financial assistance is available.

 

 

Remodeling or Renovating A Home With Lead-Based Paint!

If not conducted properly, certain types of renovations can release lead from paint and dust into the air.
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Take precautions before you begin remodeling or renovations that disturb painted surfaces (such as scraping off paint or tearing out walls):


Have the area tested for lead-based paint.

 

 

Do not use a dry scraper, belt-sander, propane torch, or heat gun to remove lead-based paint. These actions create large amounts of lead dust and fumes. Lead dust can remain in your home long after the work is done.

 

Temporarily move your family (especially children and pregnant women) out of the apartment or house until the work is done and the area is properly cleaned. If you can't move your family, at least completely seal off the work area.

 

Follow other safety measures to reduce lead hazards. You can find out about other safety measures by calling 1-800-424-LEAD. Ask for the brochure "Reducing Lead Hazards When Remodeling Your Home." This brochure explains what to do before, during, and after renovations.

 

If you have already completed renovations or remodeling that could have released lead-based paint or dust, get your young children tested and follow the steps outlined above on this page.

 

 

Other Sources of Lead!

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While paint, dust, and soil are the most common lead hazards, other lead sources also exist.


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Drinking water. Your home might have plumbing with lead or lead solder. Call your local health department or water supplier to find out about testing your water. You cannot see, smell, or taste lead, and boiling your water will not get rid of lead. If you think your plumbing might have lead in it:


Use only cold water for drinking and cooking.

 

Run water for 15 to 30 seconds before drinking it, especially if you have not used your water for a few hours.

 

The job. If you work with lead, you could bring it home on your hands or clothes. Shower and change clothes before coming home. Launder your clothes separately from the rest of your family's.

 

Old painted toys and furniture.

 

Food and liquids stored in lead crystal or lead-glazed pottery or porcelain.

 

Lead smelters or other industries that release lead into the air.

 

Hobbies that use lead, such as making pottery or stained glass, or refinishing furniture.

 

Folk remedies that contain lead, such as "greta" and "azarcon" used to treat an upset stomach.

 

 

For More Information

PHONE

 

The National Lead Information Center
Call 1-800-LEAD-FYI to learn how to protect children from lead poisoning. For other information on lead hazards, call the center's clearinghouse at 1-800-424-LEAD. For the hearing impaired, call,
TDD 1-800-526-5456 (FAX: 202-659-1192, E-mail EHC@CAIS.COM).


EPA's Safe Drinking Water Hotline
Call 1-800-426-4791 for information about lead in drinking water.


Consumer Product Safety Commission Hotline
To request information on lead in consumer products, or to report an unsafe consumer product or a product-related injury call 1-800-638-2772. e-mail info@cpsc.gov . For the hearing impaired, call TDD 1-800-638-8270.

 

 

EPA Regional Offices

 

Your Regional EPA Office can provide further information regarding regulations and lead protection programs.


Region 1
(Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont)
John F. Kennedy Federal Building
One Congress Street
Boston, MA 02203
(617) 565-3420


Region 2
(New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands)
Building 5
2890 Woodbridge Avenue
Edison, NJ 08837-3679
(908) 321-6671


Region 3
(Delaware, Washington DC, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia)
841 Chestnut Building
Philadelphia, PA 19107
(215) 597-9800


Region 4
(Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee)
61 Alabama St., SW
Atlanta, GA 30303-3104
(404) 562-8956


Region 5
(Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin)
77 West Jackson Boulevard
Chicago, IL 60604-3590
(312) 886-6003


Region 6
(Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas)
First Interstate Bank Tower
1445 Ross Avenue, 12th Floor, Suite 1200 Dallas, TX 75202-2733
(214) 665-7244


Region 7
(Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska)
726 Minnesota Avenue
Kansas City, KS 66101
(913) 551-7020


Region 8
(Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming)
999 18th Street, Suite 500
Denver, CO 80202-2405
(303) 293-1603


Region 9
(Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada)
75 Hawthorne Street
San Francisco, CA 94105
(415) 744-1124


Region 10
(Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Alaska)
1200 Sixth Avenue
Seattle, WA 98101
(206) 553-1200